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How Are You In Spanish Formal

Now that you know the theory behind the formal and informal you in Spanish, the key is to practice both forms in a conversation. If you want to learn something, you need to use it if your goal is to become fully bilingual.

how are you in spanish formal

However, if you want to try you (formal) in Spanish before you use it in the outside world, sign up for a free trial class with one of our certified, native-speaking teachers from Guatemala and practice in a safe and challenging environment.

Word of warning! Make sure that you hold on to the slang or the funniest ones to use with people you know and trust, and in informal settings, ok? Not all of the phrases that you learned today are appropriate for every situation.

When talking to a bunch of bosses, a plethora of police, or a gaggle of grannies we use formal speech in plural format. If you try to say how are you in Spanish to two or more authority figures at once, then we need to change the phrases a little. In Latin America ustedes form is used:

In Spanish, however, there are many ways to say you, and they vary depending on the formality of the relationship between the speaker(s) and listener(s), how many people are being spoken to, and even what country the people are in or are from. The table below presents the five ways you can say you in Spanish, along with important information to help you choose which one you should use in different situations.

You should only use tú when talking to people you know well, especially those that are the same age as you or younger. Tú can be used to speak directly to children, close relatives, friends, peers, or pets. It is also used in many online conversations to keep the tone informal.

Ustedes (often abbreviated Uds.) is used to address two or more people and can be formal or informal. Since most Latin American countries do not use vosotros, ustedes is used for all forms of plural address in this region.

The reason why we included "usted" in the example is because if you see it without the pronoun, this could also mean "Where is he/she from? as the verb is conjugated in the 3rd person singular "es" for he/she/you formal.

Both in Spain and Latin America we use the verb "tutear" meaning to address someone more informally using the tú form instead of using usted. It's very common to ask someone if you can do this when you feel there is no need for formality and thereby make the conversation more "relaxed":

When someone is nice, you are polite and say, 'Thank you,' or 'Thanks.' When someone goes out of their way to help, you say, 'Thank you very much' or 'Thank you so much.' Just like this, people have a few ways to say 'thank you' in Spanish and we are going to first learn those you can use with anyone. Then we will learn other ways that you should only use in the context of formal or informal situations. Let's begin.

When you want to thank a family member or friend for a favor they did, a gift, a kindness, etc., you can use the expressions for all occasions. Also, since you probably address them with tú (you, informal, singular), you can use these:

If you are thanking more than one person at the time, make note of this important issue: if you are in Latin America, people use ustedes (you, formal, plural) even for family and friends, which means you would say:

Certain relationships are formal by nature. For example, your boss, doctor, professor, a stranger, etc., require the use of usted (you, formal, singular) in Spanish. This means that your way of thanking is formal as well. You would say:

What determines if you are going to use usted or tú is the degree of formality of the situation. Knowing when to use formal or informal phrases is very important to convey the correct tone to what you are saying. For example, if you are talking to your boss, if you are in a business meeting or if you are writing a business email, you have to be more formal. On the other hand, if you are talking to your family or to your friends, you can be more informal.

On the other hand, in some countries such as Argentina and Uruguay, vos actually replaces both tú AND usted to form a singular formal / informal pronoun. Here, knowing how to use vos is super relevant for your survival in academia, marketing, and even politics.

And then some places use both. In parts of Central America, like El Salvador, vos might dominate informally but usted is still used in a formal context.

When greeting someone in the morning, you can use the expression buenos días. This is a formal version of saying "Good Morning" in Spanish. You typically use it when addressing someone you don't know well, or someone who is older than you. Buenos días means "good morning", and it is used to wish the person a good day.

Hola is the Spanish version of "Hello," and it can be used for both morning and afternoon greetings. While hola is one of the most versatile Spanish words, it is considered to be more informal than other greetings, so it might not be the best choice for a formal setting.

An additional formal way to say "Good morning" in Spanish is saludos. This Spanish word is used as a general greeting, and can be used for both morning and afternoon. Saludos means "greetings", and it is used as a standalone word or as part of a phrase.

Formal and informal Spanish refers to the degree of respect and formality people use when addressing or speaking to someone. This level of formality is shown by using tú or usted. Check the examples below:

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English makes the distinction between formal and familiar relationships with word choice, varying grammatical structures, and optional titles. Spanish does all of this too; it just adds another layer of complexity with different personal pronouns. So how do you know which one to use?

They are used in almost every Spanish-speaking country. Although depending on the region in Latin America, we can hear the variation vos, which is also considered informal but verbs with it are conjugated differently.

To replace this formal pronoun, people would use señor or señora. When you call someone señor or señora, the other person will understand that a level of respect is meant. However, young women do not like being called señora, not a bit.

The chart above showing tú and vosotros as the second-person pronouns is a bit of an oversimplification. The truth is that there are two sets of second-person pronouns in Spanish. One set is used for informal, friendly situations and the other is used to show a greater amount of respect in formal situations. The chart should really look like this:

Generally speaking you should use tú when you are addressing someone with whom you have an informal relationship like a friend, a colleague, or a close family member. Use usted when addressing someone with whom you have a more respectful relationship like an elder, a boss, or a dignitary. For example:

Remember, however, that vosotros is primarily used in Spain. How do you address groups of people in the rest of the Spanish-speaking world? Use ustedes regardless of the level of formality.

“Thou” may sound stuffy and formal now, but it used to be the informal version of “you.” Saying “you” was actually a sign of respect. Older translations of the Bible are full of "thou," "thee," and "thy" not because of formality, but in order to stress that God was familiar and approachable. Nowadays Spanish versions of the Bible use tú when translating references to God for the same reason.

Looking for a group can be tricky. Sometimes, you get separated from the people you are meant to be with. Están is the proper way to address a group. It is also considered to be formal.

Instead, to conjugate a verb in Spanish, we would remove the AR, ER or IR verb endings that we find at the end of an infinitive verb and replace them with the correct terminations. For the informal tú form, we need to use the suffix -es for the verbs whose infinitive forms end in ER or IR or -as for the verbs whose infinitive forms end in AR.

If you want to describe others informally in a past tense situation, a new set of conjugation rules will apply to the past tense verb you choose. There are several different past tenses to choose from, and for all of them you would use the tú form of the verb for informal situations, but the endings are different for the many different past tenses.

For verbs with an infinitive AR ending, when conjugating them using the informal tú form you would use the ending -aste in the simple past tense. For verbs with an infinitive ER or IR ending, when you conjugate them using the informal tú form, you would use the ending -iste.

For verbs with an infinitive AR ending, when you conjugate them using the formal usted form in the simple past tense, you would use the ending -o. For verbs with an infinitive ER or IR ending you would use the ending -io.

To write or say an informal sentence using the imperfect past tense, if the infinitive verb we want to use has an AR ending, we must replace this with the ending -abas for the tú form. And if the infinitive verb we choose has an IR or ER ending, we must replace this with the ending -ías. 041b061a72


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